Basic web knowledge base

Here you will find all the basic informations you must know if you want to start building a website or are already building one...

Chapter 1: What do I need to build and have a website?
Chapter 2: What is the root of a server/website? How do I upload a file which is not added directly to WordPress? What will its URL be? (images, .mp3 files, flash files, .html files, .zip files or any other file...)

Chapter 1: What do I need to build and have a website?

To build a website you need four things:

1. You need an application to build the website and manage its content (example: RapidWeaver, iWeb, WordPress, PhpBB, or any full text editor like TextWrangler for Mac or Notepad for Windows...).
2. You need a hosting account
3. You need a domain name
4. You need an FTP application

In Chapter 2 you will find what these and other words mean.

Chapter 2: What is the root of a server/website? How do I upload a file which is not added directly to WordPress? What will its URL be? (images, .mp3 files, flash files, .html files, .zip files or any other file...)

If you have an image named picture.jpg and you uploaded it to the root of your server the image will display if you enter http://www.yourdomain.com/picture.jpg in your browser. If it doesn't display you didn't upload it to the root. Try it out to find the root of your server! Every hosting is a bit different. To upload a file to your server you need an FTP application like Cyberduck.

Sometimes you have to upload a file or a folder to your server without going through WordPress (perhaps a slideshow you made, flash content files, pictures, music, ...) for these files I think it’s best to make a folder called media, put all the files which don’t go directly into WordPress to this folder and upload the media folder to the root of your website. The web address (or URL) of this folder will be

http://yourdomain.com/media/

and if you put a file into it, let’s call it filename.extension, its URL will be

http://yourdomain.com/media/filename.extension

Having a media folder helps you to keep things organized and makes it easy to determine the URL of a file you want to upload.

Important note: When you upload a file replace spaces with underscores _ (eg. “happy new year.jpg” gets “happy_new_year.jpg") this makes it much easier to find out the file's URL. Spaces in filenames cause quite some troubles on the web. Also avoid special characters like ä, ö, è, ... and any punctuation in the filenames. Replace special characters with normal characters (like à with a).

You will find more Basic web knowledge in the free sample of my WPFAQ.org E-Book which you can download here for free.


This FAQ is also discussed in my WPFAQ.org E-Book (sample)


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